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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

The Special EDge (PDF)

Newsletter addressing legal, policy, and human aspects of disproportionate representation. California Department of Education (2010).

Achieving Equity in Special Education: History, Status, and Current Challenges (PDF)

The article is comprehensive in both its scope and depth in explaining disproportionality. It clearly lays out what research has said about the issue since the 1960’s and offers a thorough snapshot of current understandings of inequities in special education.

Skiba, R. J., Simmons, A. D., and others. “Achieving Equity in Special Education: History, Status, and Current Challenges.” Exceptional Children. Vol. 74, No. 3, 2008: 264-288.

CCBD’s Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education (PDF)

The paper by the Council for Children with Behavior Disorders critically questions the effectiveness of federal policy and disproportionality monitoring mechanisms. It is an important piece to read because it questions how the provisions in IDEA, and compliance to IDEA, can address disproportionate outcomes. It offers practitioners the chance to reflect on how they understand IDEAs relationship to abatement of disproportionate outcomes.

Skiba, R., S. Albrecht, and D. Losen. 2012. CCBD’s Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education. Arlington, VA: Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders.

Disproportionality and Overrepresentation, Module 5 from Building the Legacy: A Training Curriculum on IDEA 2004 (Website)

Includes slideshow, trainers guide, and participant handouts for explaining what states, districts, and schools must now do to address disproportionate representation, including significant disproportionality, as outlined in IDEA 2004.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities: NICHCY (2005).

NOTE:  After September 30, 2014 all of the NICHCY resources will be housed in the Center for Parent Information and Resources Library at http://www.parentcenterhub.org/resources

Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education: Is it Moving us Forward?" (PDF)

The article explores the national trends associated with a citation for disproportionality. It highlights that there is considerable confusion surrounding the enforcement and monitoring of disproportionality by state and local educational agencies and that despite extensive monitoring disproportionate trends continue. The article is important for practitioners because it provides a context for which to understand how districts get cited and what is required of states and districts to address disproportionality.

Albrecht, Skiba, and others. “Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education: Is it Moving us Forward? Journal Of Disability Policy Studies, 23(1), 2012: 14-25.

Glossary of Equity Terms (WEBSITE)

Describes common equity terms in two categories: disproportionality terms and IDEA 2004 terms. The Equity Project at Indiana University.