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Discipline

The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment (PDF)

The article explores common sources of discipline referrals in schools. It is important for practitioners to read because it highlights the role that teachers have in reducing discipline issues in schools.

Skiba, R. J. Michael, R. S., and others, “The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment.” Urban Review, 34, 2002: 317-342.

The Evolution of Discipline Practices: School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports (ARTICLE)

The article provides a thorough description of what PBIS is, how it is a proactive and less punitive approach to school discipline and how it has been applied in schools. It is useful to practitioners that are looking for examples of how to implement PBIS and seek to understand the rationale behind the steps of implementation.

Sugai, G., and Horner, R. “The Evolution of Discipline Practices: School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports.” Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 24(1), 2002: 23-50.

The School-to-Prison Pipeline: Structuring Legal Reform (BOOK)

The book looks at the different avenues in the schooling process that can lead to underserved and routinely disciplined students entering the prison system. It is important for practitioners to read because it highlights the legal rights students have that may thwart some of the forces that contribute to the school to prison pipeline.

Kim, C. Y, Losen, D. J., and Dewitt, D. T. The school-to-prison pipeline: Structuring legal reform. New York: New York University Press, 2010.

Bad Boys: Public Schools in the Making of Black Masculinity (BOOK)

The book focuses on the experiences of a group of Black male students that have been labeled by school officials as disciplinary problems. It is an important book for practitioners to read because it highlights how students experience schooling, the labels given to them, the expectations held about them and the discipline they receive in school.

Ferguson, A.A. Bad Boys: Public Schools in the Making of Black Masculinity. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Deconstructing the School-to-Prison Pipeline (BOOK)

The book describes different aspects of the relationship between school discipline and the prison system. It is important for practitioners to read because it considers practitioner’s need to create a safe school environment while also considering ways in which to ensure students are given every opportunity available to them.

Wald J. and M., Losen D. J. Eds. Deconstructing the School-to-Prison Pipeline. San Francisco: San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

Opportunities Suspended: The Devastating Consequences of Zero Tolerance and School Discipline Policies (PDF)

The paper discusses the limitations and grave consequences of zero tolerance policies. It is important for practitioners to read because it offers compelling evidence and arguments as to why alternative discipline approaches should be considered in schools.

Harvard Civil Rights Project. Opportunities Suspended: The Devastating Consequences of Zero Tolerance and School Discipline Policies. Cambridge, MA., 2000.  

Schools, Prisons, and Social Implications of Punishment: Rethinking Disciplinary Practices (ARTICLE)

The article provides a comprehensive argument against zero tolerance policies and argues that less punitive and alternative methods to discipline are more in line with the mission of schools. It is an important article for practitioners because it highlights the incongruence between strict disciplinary measures and the American desire to educate all children.

Noguera, P. A. “Schools, Prisons, and Social Implications of Punishment: Rethinking Disciplinary Practices.” Theory Into Practice, 42(4), 2003: 341-350.

Special Education and School Discipline: A Precarious Balance (DOC)

The article challenges the assumption that suspensions and expulsions lead to better learning environments. It is useful to practitioners because it offers alternative solutions for school discipline that can be applicable to practice.

 Skiba, R. J. “Special Education and School Discipline: A Precarious Balance.” Behavioral Disorders, 27(2), 2002: 81-97.

Technical Assistance and Consulting Services Center (TACS), University of Oregon (Outside Source)

Provides consultation, technical assistance, training, product development, and information services to assist and support State Education Agencies and Part C Lead Agencies in systemic improvement policies, procedures, and practices to improve programs and services for children with disabilities and their families.